Ziegler, Andreas; Kastner, C.; Chang-Claude, J.
Analysis of Pregnancy and Other Factors on Detection of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) Infection Using Weighted Estimating Equations for Follow-Up Data.
Collaborative Research Center 386, Discussion Paper 201
Generalised estimating equations have been well established to draw inference for the marginal mean from follow-up data. Many studies suffer from missing data that may result in biased parameter estimates if the data are not missing completely at random. Robins and coworkers proposed to use weighted estimating equations (WEE) in estimating the mean structure if drop-out occurs missing at random. We illustrate the differences between the WEE and the commonly applied available case analysis in a simulation study. We apply the WEE and re-analyse data on pregnancy and HPV infection. We estimate the response probabilities and demonstrate that the data are not missing completely at random. Upon use of the WEE, we are able to show that pregnant women have an increased odds for an HPV infection compared with study subjects after delivery (p = 0.027). We conclude that the WEE are useful in analysing follow-up data with drop-outs.