Kayser, Klaus; Plodziszewska, Monika; Waitr, Elzbieta; Slodkowska, Janina; Altiner, Mithat; Gabius, Hans-Joachim
Diffuse pulmonary hemosiderosis after exposure to pesticides - A case report.
In: Respiration, Nr. 3: S. 214-218
This report describes the clinical, radiological, microscopical and ligandohistochemical findings in a 17-year-old woman who suffered from an acute onset of pulmonary hemosiderosis after inhalation of pesticides used for the cultivation of strawberries. She complained of headache, dyspnea, rhinitis, weakness and recurrent severe hemoptysis. Chest radiographs revealed bilateral patchy infiltrates, predominantly in the lower parts of both lungs. The consecutive severe anemia was treated by multiple blood transfusions which were repeated every 4-5 days. Open lung biopsies displayed signs of diffuse hemorrhage with hemosiderin-loaded macrophages, some hyaline membranes, focal fibroid deposits with intermingled histiocytes, mild interstitial fibrosis and focal intra-alveolar calcified bodies surrounded by foreign body giant cells. Analysis of endogenous lectins failed to demonstrate expression of binding capacities for maltose, fucose, mannose; lactose and sialic acid. Neither binding capacities for the macrophage-migration-inhibitory factor nor its presence, as analyzed by labeled sarcolectin, could be detected histochemically. The light microscopical findings are consistent with a longer-lasting diffuse pulmonary hemosiderosis; the presence of calcified bodies and foreign body giant cells (including the ligandohistochemical data) argues for a causal role of inhaled substances. The patient's clinical course improved after cyclophosphamide treatment, which restored her ability to work and released her from the need for recurrent blood transfusions.