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Stemmler, Joachim; Heinemann, Volker und Schalhorn, A. (2002): Capecitabine as second-line treatment for metastatic cholangiocarcinoma: A report of two cases. In: Onkologie, Nr. 2: S. 182-184


Background: The management of recurrent, metastatic cholangiocarcinoma still remains a problem since this tumor entity is classified as chemotherapy-resistant. When advanced or metastatic disease is diagnosed, the therapeutic efforts are essentially directed toward palliation. Patients and Methods: We report on 2 patients suffering from metastatic cholangiocarcinoma. Both had received previous chemotherapy for metastatic disease, including hepatic artery infusion {[}5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/folinic acid (FA) and oxaliplatin] and a combination therapy consisting of 5-FU/FA and gemcitabine. Since a progression of the disease was diagnosed, both patients were started on oral capecitabine at a daily dose of 2,500 mg/m(2) in 2 divided doses for 2 weeks, followed by 1 week rest. Results: Capecitabine was tolerated well and severe side effects were not observed. A stop of progression, documented by imaging procedures and tumor marker kinetics, was achieved in both patients. Conclusion: Capecitabine could potentially be used for second-line treatment in patients with progressive metastatic cholangiocarcinoma.