An exact corrected log-likelihood function for Cox's proportional hazards model under measurement error and some extensions.
Sonderforschungsbereich 386, Discussion Paper 277
This paper studies Cox`s proportional hazards model under covariate measurement error. Nakamura`s (1990) methodology of corrected log-likelihood will be applied to the so called Breslow likelihood, which is, in the absence of measurement error, equivalent to partial likelihood. For a general error model with possibly heteroscedastic and non-normal additive measurement error, corrected estimators of the regression parameter as well as of the baseline hazard rate are obtained. The estimators proposed by Nakamura (1992), Kong, Huang and Li (1998) and Kong and Gu (1999) are reestablished in the special cases considered there. This sheds new light on these estimators and justifies them as exact corrected score estimators. Finally, the method will be extended to some variants of the Cox model.