Huss, Ralf; Heil, Matthias; Moosmann, Sabine; Ziegelhoeffer, Tibor; Sagebiel, Sabine; Seliger, Christian; Kinston, Sarah; Gottgens, Berthold
Improved arteriogenesis with simultaneous skeletal muscle repair in ischemic tissue by SCL plus multipotent adult progenitor cell clones from peripheral blood.
In: Journal of Vascular Research, Nr. 5: S. 422-431
Background: The CD34- murine stem cell line RM26 cloned from peripheral blood mononuclear cells has been shown to generate hematopoietic progeny in lethally irradiated animals. The peripheral blood-derived cell clones expresses a variety of mesodermal and erythroid/myeloid transcription factors suggesting a multipotent differentiation potential like the bone marrow-derived `multipotent adult progenitor cells' (MAP-C). Methods: SCL+ CD34- RM26 cells were transfused intravenously into mice suffering from chronic hind-limb ischemia, evaluating the effect of stem cells on collateral artery growth and simultaneous skeletal muscle repair. Results: RM26 cells are capable of differentiating in vitro into endothelial cells when cultured on the appropriate collagen matrix. Activation of the SCL stem cell enhancer (SCL+) is mediated through the binding to two Ets and one GATA site and cells start to express milieu- and growth condition-dependent levels of the endothelial markers CD31 (PECAM) and Flt-1 (VEGF-R1). Intravenously infused RM26 cells significantly improved the collateral blood flow (arteriogenesis) and neo-angiogenesis formation in a murine hind-limb ischemia transplant model. Although transplanted RM26 cells did not integrate into the growing collateral arteries, cells were found adjacent to local arteriogenesis, but instead integrated into the ischemic skeletal muscle exclusively in the affected limb for simultaneous tissue repair. Conclusion: These data suggest that molecularly primed hem-/mesangioblast-type adult progenitor cells can circulate in the peripheral blood improving perfusion of tissues with chronic ischemia and extending beyond the vascular compartment. Copyright (C) 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel.