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Wiegele, Bernhard; Schober, Gabriel; Kuder, Johannes; Kolb, Florian P.; Irnich, Dominik (2006): Eine neue Sensortechnik zur Messung von elektrischen Potentialprofilen der menschlichen Haut anAkupunkturpunkten. In: Forschende Komplementärmedizin und klassische Naturheilkunde, Nr. 4: S. 227-232
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Abstract

Introduction: From an electro-physiological point of view human skin shows an inhomogeneous pattern regarding its electrical resistance: in certain areas a decreased electrical resistance can be observed. It has been postulated that these areas correspond to acupuncture points. Subsequently, devices have been developed as detectors for acupuncture points which are used for diagnosis and treatment in acupuncture. However, most of these devices are inconsistent: they show a remarkable inaccuracy in their measurements and are poorly evaluated. Further analyses have shown that the measuring pens often used are subject to various disturbances such as pressure, angle of measurement, humidity of the skin, different thickness of stratum corneum of the skin and external disturbances such as temperature and humidity in the measuring room. Material and Methods: We present a new device for standardized measuring of electrical skin resistance. It consists of a field of 64 electrodes (measuring array) on a surface of 60 x 60 mm(2) and a distance of 8 mm between electrodes. For a more precise spatial resolution a field of 32 electrodes on a surface of 3.5 x 3.5 mm(2) with a distance of 0.65 mm is available. A high, precise, temporal resolution of electric potentials in human skin is realized by fast scanning of the electrodes. Technical details are described. Conclusions: First analyses of collected data show that reliable and valid measurements are possible. Using this device in a controlled and blinded study design will help elucidate the issue of altered skin resistance at acupuncture points and clarify if this phenomenon is unique at acupuncture points.