Kriegmair, Martin; Zaak, Dirk; Stepp, Helmut; Stepp, Herbert; Baumgartner, Reinhold; Knüchel, Ruth; Hofstetter, Alfons
Transurethral resection and surveillance of bladder cancer supported by 5-aminolevulinic acid-induced fluorescence endoscopy.
In: European Urology, No. 5: pp. 386-392
Purpose: We determined whether neoplastic disease, which was missed under white light can be found during transurethral resection of bladder cancer by 5-aminolevulinic acid-induced porphyrin fluorescence. Materials and Methods: 5-Aminolevulinic acid-induced fluorescence endoscopy was carried out in 328 cases. A 3% 5-aminolevulinic acid solution was instilled intravesically in a mean time of 2.8 h before endoscopy, The fluorescence was excited by a special incoherent light source which provided blue light in addition to white light. Results: In 82 (25%) cases additional neoplastic lesions were found only because of their red porphyrin fluorescence which was induced by 5-aminolevulinic acid. 31% of these neoplastic foci which were found in normal and nonspecific inflamed mucosa had a poorly differentiated histology. Conclusions: 5-Aminolevulinjc acid facilitates detection of neoplastic disease during transurethral resection of bladder cancer and increases the accuracy of diagnosis.