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Brezger, Andreas; Kneib, Thomas and Lang, S. (2003): BayesX: Analysing Bayesian structured additive regression models. Collaborative Research Center 386, Discussion Paper 332 [PDF, 312kB]


There has been much recent interest in Bayesian inference for generalized additive and related models. The increasing popularity of Bayesian methods for these and other model classes is mainly caused by the introduction of Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation techniques which allow the estimation of very complex and realistic models. This paper describes the capabilities of the public domain software BayesX for estimating complex regression models with structured additive predictor. The program extends the capabilities of existing software for semiparametric regression. Many model classes well known from the literature are special cases of the models supported by BayesX. Examples are Generalized Additive (Mixed) Models, Dynamic Models, Varying Coefficient Models, Geoadditive Models, Geographically Weighted Regression and models for space-time regression. BayesX supports the most common distributions for the response variable. For univariate responses these are Gaussian, Binomial, Poisson, Gamma and negative Binomial. For multicategorical responses, both multinomial logit and probit models for unordered categories of the response as well as cumulative threshold models for ordered categories may be estimated. Moreover, BayesX allows the estimation of complex continuous time survival and hazardrate models.

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