Bry, François; Furche, Tim; Linse, Benedikt
Data Model and Query Constructs for Versatile
Web Query Languages. State-of-the-Art and Challenges for Xcerpt.
PPSWR 2006, 4th International Workshop Principles and Practice of Semantic Web Reasoning, 10. - 11. Juni 2006, Budva, Montenegro.
As the Semantic Web is gaining momentum, the need for
truly versatile query languages becomes increasingly apparent. A Web
query language is called versatile if it can access in the same query program
data in different formats (e.g. XML and RDF). Most query languages
are not versatile: they have not been specifically designed to cope
with both worlds, providing a uniform language and common constructs
to query and transform data in various formats. Moreover, most of them
do not provide a flexible data model that is powerful enough to naturally
convey both Semantic Web data formats (especially RDF and
Topic Maps) and XML. This article highlights challenges related to the
data model and language constructs for querying both standard Web
and Semantic Web data with an emphasis on facilitating sophisticated
reasoning. It is shown that Xcerpt’s data model and querying constructs
are particularly well-suited for the Semantic Web, but that some adjustments
of the Xcerpt syntax allow for even more effective and natural
querying of RDF and Topic Maps.