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Morelle, Willy; Stechly, Laurence; André, Sabine; Seuningen, Isabelle Van; Porchet, Nicole; Gabius, Hans-Joachim; Michalski, Jean-Claude; Huet, Guillemette (2009): Glycosylation pattern of brush border-associated glycoproteins in enterocyte-like cells: involvement of complex-type N-glycans in apical trafficking. In: Biological Chemistry, Vol. 390, No. 7: pp. 529-544


We have previously reported that galectin-4, a tandem repeat-type galectin, regulates the raft-dependent delivery of glycoproteins to the apical brush border membrane of enterocyte-like HT-29 cells. N-Acetyllactosamine-containing glycans, known as galectin ligands, were found enriched in detergent-resistant membranes. Here, we analyzed the potential contribution of N-and/ or O-glycans in this mechanism. Structural studies were carried out on the brush border membrane-enriched fraction using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) and nano-ESI-QTOF-MS/MS. The pattern of N-glycans was very heterogeneous, with the presence of high mannose- and hybrid-type glycans as well as a multitude of complex-type glycans. In contrast, the pattern of O-glycans was very simple with the presence of two major core type 1 O-glycans, sialylated and bisialylated T-antigen structures {[}Neu5Ac alpha 2-3Gal beta 1-3GalNAc-ol and Neu5Ac alpha 2-3Gal beta 1 -3(Neu5Ac alpha 2-6)GalNAc-ol]. Thus, N-glycans rather than O-glycans contain the N-acetyllactosamine recognition signals for the lipid raft-based galectin-4-dependent apical delivery. In the presence of 1-deoxymannojirimycin, a drug which inhibits the generation of hybrid-type or complex type N-glycans, the extensively O-glycosylated mucin-like MUC1 glycoprotein was not delivered to the apical brush border but accumulated inside the cells. Altogether, our data demonstrate the crucial role of complex N-glycans in the galectin-4-dependent delivery of glycoproteins to the apical brush border membrane of enterocytic HT-29 cells.