Kalteis, T.; Beckmann, J.; Herold, T.; Zysk, S.; Bäthis, H.; Perlick, L.; Grifka, J.
Genauigkeit eines bildfreien Navigationssystemes für die Hüftpfannenimplantation – eine anatomische Studie.
In: Biomedizinische Technik, Vol. 49, No. 9: pp. 257-262
The position of the acetabular cup is of decisive importance for. the function of a total hip replacement (THR). Using the conventional surgical technique, correct placement of the cup often fails due to a lack of information about pelvic tilt. With CT-based and fluoroscopically-assisted navigation procedures the accuracy of implantation has been significantly improved. However, additional radiation exposure, high cost and the increased time requirement have hampered the acceptance of these techniques. The present anatomical study evaluates the accuracy of an alternative procedure-image-free navigation. This method requires little extra effort, does not substantially delay surgery, and needs no additional imaging. Press-fit cups were implanted in 10 human cadaveric hips with the help of the image-free navigation system, and the position of the cups was checked intraoperatively with a CT-based navigation system and postoperatively by computed tomography. All cups were implanted within the targeted safe zone with an average inclination of 44degrees (range 40degrees-48degrees, SABW 2.7degrees) and an average anteversion of 18degrees (range 12-24degrees, SABW 4.1degrees). Analysis of accuracy of the image-free navigation software revealed only a small, clinically tolerable deviation in cup anteversion and cup inclination in comparison with the CT-based navigation system and the post operative CT scans. The evaluated image-free navigation system appears to be a practicable and reliable alternative to the computer-assisted implantation of acetabular cups in total hip arthroplasty.