Toschke, A. M.; Ehlin, Anna G. C.; Kries, R. von; Ekbom, A.; Montgomery, S. M.
Maternal smoking during pregnancy and appetite control in offspring.
In: Journal of Perinatal Medicine, Vol. 31, No. 3: pp. 251-256
Aims: Intrauterine exposure to tobacco smoke products has been associated with long-term neurobehavioral effects. Modified appetite control might explain the recently observed association between maternal smoking during pregnancy and obesity in offspring. Methods: Some 10,557 British adults aged 42 years born between 3-9 March 1958 were followed up in a birth cohort study (NCDS). The main outcome measure was self-reported poor appetite at age 42 years and main exposure was maternal smoking during pregnancy. Results: The proportion of offspring with poor appetite increased with maternal smoking during pregnancy: nonsmoking 4.5%; (4.0% - 5.0%), medium smoking 5.6%; (4.5 % - 6.8 %), variable smoking 6.8 %; (4.9 % - 9.1 %) and heavy smoking 7.7 %; (6.3 % - 9.4 %). The unadjusted odds ratios for maternal smoking during pregnancy (ever/never) and poor appetite is 1.49 (1.25 - 1.77) and after adjustment for BMI at 42 years and other potential confounding factors it is 1.22 (1.07 - 1.48). Conclusions: Offspring of mothers who smoked during pregnancy were more likely to report a poor appetite independent of a number of potential confounding factors. Although not in the expected direction, the results suggest maternal smoking during pregnancy may influence appetite perception through a developmental influence or through confounding by social factors.