Bachmeier, B. E.; Nerlich, A. G.; Boukamp, P.; Lichtinghagen, R.; Tschesche, H.; Fritz, H.; Fink, E.
Human keratinocyte cell lines differ in the expression of the collagenolytic matrix metalloproteinases-1,-8, and-13 and of TIMP-1.
In: Biological Chemistry, Vol. 381, No. 5-6: pp. 509-516
We investigated cells and conditioned media of the three human keratinocyte cell lines HaCaT (non-tumorigenic), A5 (benign, tumorigenic) and II-4RT (malignant, tumorigenic) with regard to production and secretion of the collagenases-1 to -3 (MMP-1, MMP-8 and MMP-13) and TIMP-1 using semi-nested RT-PCR, Western blots, ELISA, immunocytochemistry and casein zymography. Transcripts of MMP-1, -8, -13 and TIMP-1 were detected in all cell lines by RT-PCR and the corresponding proteins were found in the cytoplasm of all three cell lines by Western blot analysis and/or immunocytochemistry. The conditioned media of the malignant II-4RT cells contain significantly more MMP-1 and MMP-8 than those of HaCaT or A5 as evidenced by immunoblotting and ELISA. In addition to the presence of latent MMP-1, zymography also detected the active form of this enzyme. TIMP-1 was found only in extracts of all three cell lines, predominantly in A5. This study clearly indicates that the epithelial tumor cells synthesize different collagenases and TIMP-1. The malignant clone secretes increased amounts of distinct collagenases compared to the non-tumorigenic cell line, thereby verifying a correlation between biological behaviour and the amount of collagenases. In addition, we provide clear evidence that MMP-8 is not exclusively found in polymorphonuclear granulocytes, but also in keratinocyte cell lines.