Luzietti, Roberto; Erkkola, Rhisto; Hasbargen, Uwe; Mattsson, Lars A.; Thoulon, Jean M.; Rosén, Karl G.
European Community Multi-Center Trial "Fetal ECG Analysis During Labor": ST plus CTG analysis.
In: Journal of Perinatal Medicine, Vol. 27, No. 6: pp. 431-440
This report form part of the European Community Multi-Center Trial "Fetal ECG Analysis during Labor". Aim of this prospective trial was to identify changes in the fetal ECG waveform with cases of verified fetal hypoxia. In this paper we also report on the use of a newly developed automatic system for identification of ST waveform changes (ST Log). All ECG were recorded with the STAN recorder (Neoventa Medical AB, Gothenburg, Sweden). The ECG information was not displayed during labor in order not to influence the clinical management. This report includes data from 320 cases and include six cases of fetal intrapartum hypoxia. Twenty seven cases showed changes in ST waveform. All five cases with the most marked ST change (a rise in T/QRS of >0.10 units and lasting more then 10 minutes) had signs of ongoing intrapartum hypoxia. Six out of six cases with evidence of intrapartum asphyxia, showed ST changes. On the basis of our multi-center trial it appears that the combined analysis of CTG and ST waveform changes provides an accurate way to identify adverse events during labor. The work is continuing with a new STAN recorder developed by Neoventa Medical in Goteborg and currently being tested in a Swedish randomized, controlled multi-center trial.