Senel, Makbule; Rupprecht, Tobias A.; Tumani, Hayrettin; Pfister, Hans-Walter; Ludolph, Albert C.; Brettschneider, Johannes
The chemokine CXCL13 in acute neuroborreliosis.
In: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, Vol. 81, No. 8: pp. 929-933
Objective Recent studies have suggested an important role of the B cell chemoattractant CXCL13 in acute neuroborreliosis (NB). Our aim was to confirm the diagnostic role of CXCL13 and to evaluate its relevance as a therapy response and disease activity marker in NB. Methods CXCL13 was measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum of patients with NB (n = 28), systemic borreliosis (SB, n = 9), Guillaine-Barre syndrome (GBS, n = 11), Bell's palsy (BP, n = 19), other cranial nerve palsies (CNP, n = 5), cephalgia (C, n = 20), bacterial CNS infections (B-CNS-I, n = 16) and viral CNS infections (V-CNS-I, n = 18). For follow-up studies, serial sample pairs were evaluated from 25 patients with NB (n = 56), 11 with B-CNS-I (n = 25) and 14 with V-CNS-I (n = 36). Results CSF-CXCL13 was significantly elevated in NB compared with other neurological diseases (p<0.001). Using receiver operating characteristic analysis, 337 ng/g was determined as a cut-off with a sensitivity of 96.4% and a specificity of 96.9%. Of all the parameters investigated, CSF CXCL13 showed the fastest response to antibiotic therapy, decreasing significantly (p = 0.008) within 1 week. In untreated patients, CSF CXCL13 was elevated in patients with a short duration of disease. Borrelia burgdorferi antibody index showed no significant (p = 0.356) change over follow-up. Conclusions The study confirms the relevance of CXCL13 as a diagnostic biomarker of NB and suggests that CSF CXCL13 in NB is linked to duration of disease and could be a marker of disease activity and response to antibiotic therapy.