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Pfeifer, Niki (2007): Rational argumentation under uncertainty. In: Kreuzbauer, Günther; Gratzl, Norbert; Hiebl, Ewald (eds.) : Persuasion und Wissenschaft: Aktuelle Fragestellungen von Rhetorik und Argumentationstheorie. Wien: LIT-Verlag pp. 181-191
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Common sense arguments are practically always about incomplete and uncertain information. We distinguish two aspects or kinds of uncertainty. The one is defined as a persons’ uncertainty about the truth of a sentence. The other uncertainty is defined as a persons’ uncertainty of his assessment of the truth of a sentence. In everyday life argumentation we are often faced with both kinds of uncertainty which should be distinguished to avoid misunderstandings among discussants. The paper presents a probabilistic account of both kinds of uncertainty in the framework of coherence. Furthermore, intuitions about the evaluation of the strength of arguments are explored. Both reasoning about uncertainty and the development of a theory of argument strength are central for a realistic theory of rational argumentation.