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Poutvaara, Panu; Kanniainen, Vesa (1999): Why to Invest in your Neighbor? Social Contract on Educational Investment. CESifo Working Paper, 202
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It may be in the interest of low-ability individuals to subsidize the education of high-ability individuals. Sufficient conditions are surprisingly mild: positive externalities in education and complementarity in production between human capital and labor supllied by the low-ability individuals. However, tax competition and the free mobility of the educated give rise to time-inconsistency and free-riding problems which render such a social contract infeasible and result in a subotimally low investment in education.