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Cervellati, Matteo; Sunde, Uwe; Valmori, Simona (2012): The Distribution of Infectious Diseases and Extrinsic Mortality Across Countries. In: Mathematical Population Studies, Vol. 19, No. 2: pp. 73-93
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Analysis of the spatial distribution and geographical determinants of human infectious agents across countries suggests that the total number of multi-host vector-transmitted diseases provides a useful measure of the mortality environment. Pathogens of this type are difficult to eradicate because they multiply in both humans and non-human hosts and are bound to specific climatological conditions. The count index of multi-host vector-transmitted diseases that are endemic in a country is a good proxy of life expectancy and of the likelihood of epidemics. This count is useful for cross-country empirical comparisons because it is not driven by demographic and economic conditions.