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Werkstetter, Katharina Julia; Schatz, Stephanie Barbara; Alberer, Martin; Filipiak-Pittroff, Birgit; Koletzko, Sibylle (2013): Influence of Exclusive Enteral Nutrition Therapy on Bone Density and Geometry in Newly Diagnosed Pediatric Crohn’s Disease Patients. In: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, No. 1-2: pp. 10-16




Background and Aims: Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) induces remissionin patients with Crohn’s disease (CD). We investigated the short-termimpact of EEN on bone quality and muscle mass in children with CD.Methods: Ten newly diagnosed CD patients (7 male, 10.6-17.7 years ofage) were assessed by peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT)at the forearm before starting an 8-weeks treatment with EEN, and after12 and 52 weeks. No steroids or biologicals were applied. Trabecular andcortical bone mineral density, total bone, and muscle cross-sectionalarea (CSA) were measured by pQCT and expressed as age- and sex-specificz-scores; size-dependent CSAs were corrected for low height for age.Wilcoxon rank sum test was applied. Results: Remission at week 12 wasachieved in 8 patients; 2 still had mild disease.