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Riedle, Eberhard; Bradler, Maximilian; Wenninger, Matthias; Sailer, Christian F.; Pugliesi, Igor (2013): Electronic transient spectroscopy from the deep UV to the NIR: unambiguous disentanglement of complex processes. In: Faraday Discussions, Vol. 163: pp. 139-158




Complex multi-stage relaxation and reaction pathways after the optical excitation of molecules makes the disentanglement of the underlying mechanisms challenging. We present four examples that a new transient spectrometer with excitation fully tunable from the deep UV to the IR and 225 to 1700 nm probing allows for an analysis with greatly reduced ambiguity. The temporal resolution of about 50 fs allows us to resolve all relevant processes. For each example there is a new twist in the sequence of relaxation steps that had previously been overlooked. In malachite green it appears that the importance of the phenyl twisting has been overemphasized and rather a charge transfer state should be considered. In TINUVIN-P the predicted twisting as the driving motion for the ultrafast IC is confirmed and leads to a resolution of the earlier puzzle that the sub-5 ps regime shows kinetics deviating from a pure cooling process despite the sub-ps proton transfer cycle. For the bond cleavage of Ph2CH-Cl and Ph2CH-Br the degree of electron transfer within the radical pair can now be determined quantitatively and leads to a profound understanding of the long term cation yield. For the first time coherent wavepacket motion in the photoproducts is reported. Last but not least the measurement of the GSB recovery in the deep UV allows for the surprising result, that even after S-2 excitation of cyclopentenones the triplet states are reached with near unity probability within a few picoseconds.