Greif, Martin; Ziegler, Franz von; Bamberg, Fabian; Tittus, Janine; Schwarz, Florian; D'Anastasi, Melvin; Marcus, Roy P.; Schenzle, Jan; Becker, Christoph; Nikolaou, Konstantin; Becker, Alexander
CT stress perfusion imaging for detection of haemodynamically relevant coronary stenosis as defined by FFR.
In: Heart, Vol. 99, No. 14: pp. 1004-1011
Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy (DA) of CT-myocardial perfusion imaging (CT-MPI) and a combined approach with CT angiography (CTA) for the detection of haemodynamically relevant coronary stenoses in patients with both suspected and known coronary artery disease.
Design: Prospective, non-randomised, diagnostic study.
Setting: Academic hospital-based study. Patients: 65 patients (42 men age 70.4 +/- 9) with typical or atypical chest pain. Interventions: CTA and CT-MPI with adenosine stress using a fast dual-source CT system. At subsequent invasive angiography, FFR measurement was performed in coronary arteries to define haemodynamic relevance of stenosis.
Main outcome measures: We tried to correlate haemodynamically relevant stenosis (FFR <0.80) to a reduced myocardial blood flow (MBF) as assessed by CT-MPI and determined the DA of CT-MPI for the detection of haemodynamically relevant stenosis.
Results: Sensitivity and negative predictive value (NPV) of CTA alone were very high (100% respectively) for ruling out haemodynamically significant stenoses, specificity, Positive predictive value (PPV) and DA were low (43.8, 67.3 and 72%, respectively). CT-MPI showed a significant increase in specificity, PPV and DA for the detection of haemodynamically relevant stenoses (65.6, 74.4 and 81.5%, respectively) with persisting high sensitivity and NPV for ruling out haemodynamically relevant stenoses (97% and 95.5% respectively). The combination of CTA and CT-MPI showed no further increase in detection of haemodynamically significant stenosis compared with CT-MPI alone. Conclusions: Our data suggest that CT-MPI permits the detection of haemodynamically relevant coronary artery stenoses with a moderate DA. CT may, therefore, allow the simultaneous assessment of both coronary morphology and function.