Eifert, Sandra; Rasch, Astrid; Beiras-Fernandez, Andres; Nollert, Georg; Reichart, Bruno; Lohse, Peter: Gene polymorphisms in APOE, NOS3, and LIPC genes may be risk factors for cardiac adverse events after primary CABG. In: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 2009, 4:46




Introduction: Coronary artery disease progression after primary coronary artery bypass grafting may, beside classical atherosclerosis risk factors, be depending on genetic predisposition. Methods: We investigated 192 CABG patients (18% female, age: 60.9 +/- 7.4 years). Clinically cardiac adverse events were defined as need for reoperation (n = 88; 46%), reintervention (n = 58; 30%), or angina (n = 89; 46%). Mean follow-up time measured 10.1 +/- 5.1 years. Gene polymorphisms (ApoE, NOS3, LIPC, CETP, SERPINE-1, Prothrombin) were investigated separately and combined (gene risk profile). Results: Among classical risk factors, arterial hypertension and hypercholesterinemia significantly influenced CAD progression. Single ApoE, NOS3 and LIPC polymorphisms provided limited information. Patients missing the most common ApoE epsilon 3 allele (5,2%), showed recurrent symptoms (p = 0,077) and had more frequently reintervention (p = 0,001). NOS3 a allele was associated with a significant increase for reintervention (p = 0,041) and recurrent symptoms (p = 0,042). Homozygous LIPC patients had a higher reoperation rate (p = 0.049). A gene risk profile enabled us to discriminate between faster and slower occurrence of cardiac adverse events (p = 0.0012). Conclusion: Single APOE, LIPC and NOS3 polymorphisms permitted limited prognosis of cardiac adverse events in patients after CABG. Risk profile, in contrast, allowed for risk stratification.