Lebherz, Corinna; Sanmiguel, Julio; Wilson, James M.; Rader, Daniel J.: Gene transfer of wild-type apoA-I and apoA-I Milano reduce atherosclerosis to a similar extent. In: Cardiovascular Diabetology 2007, 6:15




Background: The atheroprotective effects of systemic delivery of either apolipoprotein A-I (wtApoA-I) or the naturally occurring mutant ApoA-I Milano (ApoA-I(M)) have been established in animal and human trials, but direct comparison studies evaluating the phenotype of ApoA-I or ApoAI-Milano knock-in mice or bone marrow transplantated animals with selectively ApoA-I or ApoAI-Milano transduced macrophages give conflicting results regarding the superior performance of either one. We therefore sought to compare the two forms of apoA-I using liver-directed somatic gene transfer in hypercholesterinemic mice - a model which is most adequately mimicking the clinical setting. Methods and results: Vectors based on AAV serotype 8 (AAV2.8) encoding wtApoA-I, ApoA-I(M) or green fluorescent protein (GFP) as control were constructed. LDL receptor deficient mice were fed a Western Diet. After 8 weeks the AAV vectors were injected, and 6 weeks later atherosclerotic lesion size was determined by aortic en face analysis. Expression of wtApoA-I reduced progression of atherosclerosis by 32% compared with control (p = 0.02) and of ApoA-I(M) by 24% (p = 0.04). There was no significant difference between the two forms of ApoA-I in inhibiting atherosclerosis progression. Conclusion: Liver-directed AAV2.8-mediated gene transfer of wtApoA-I and ApoA-I(M) each significantly reduced atherosclerosis progression to a similar extent.