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Koch, Elisabeth; Pircher, Joachim; Czermak, Thomas; Gaitzsch, Erik; Alig, Stefan; Mannell, Hanna; Niemeyer, Markus; Kroetz, Florian; Woernle, Markus (2013): The Endothelial Tyrosine Phosphatase SHP-1 Plays an Important Role for Vascular Haemostasis in TNF alpha-Induced Inflammation In Vivo. In: Mediators of Inflammation, Vol. 2013, 279781
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Abstract

Introduction. Inflammation and endothelium-derived superoxides are important pathomechanisms in atherothrombotic diseases. We could previously show that the tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 acts as a negative regulator in endothelial superoxide production. In this study we investigated the influence of SHP-1 on platelet-endothelium interaction and arterial thrombosis in TNF alpha-induced endothelial inflammation in vivo. Methods. Arteriolar thrombosis and platelet rolling in vivo were investigated in C57BL/6 mice using intravital microscopy in the dorsal skinfold chamber microcirculation model. Results. Inhibition of SHP-1 by the specific pharmacological inhibitor sodium stibogluconate did not significantly enhance platelet-endothelium interaction in vivo under physiological conditions but led to an augmented fraction of rolling platelets in TNF alpha-induced systemic inflammation. Accordingly, ferric-chloride-induced arteriolar thrombus formation, which was already increased by SHP-1 inhibition, was further enhanced in the setting of TNF alpha-induced inflammation. Platelet aggregation in vitro as well as ex vivo was not influenced by SHP-1-inhibition. In cultured endothelial cells, sodium stibogluconate increased TNF alpha-induced surface expression of p-selectin and von Willebrand factor. Additionally, TNF alpha increased SHP-1 activity and protein expression. Conclusions. The endothelial tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 plays an important role for vascular hemostasis in vivo, which is crucial in TNF alpha-induced endothelial inflammation where it may serve as an autoinhibitory molecule to prevent excess inflammatory response and thrombus formation.