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Konrad, Kai A. (December 2002): Altruism and envy in contests: An evolutionarily stable symbiosis. CESifo Working Papers, 825
Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.


Altruists and envious people who meet in contests are symbionts. They do better than a population of narrowly rational individuals. If there are only altruists and envious individuals, a particular mixture of altruists and envious individuals is evolutionarily stable.