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Fischer, Niko; Klapötke, Thomas M.; Lux, Karin; Martin, Franz A.; Stierstorfer, Jörg (2012): Inorganic Amino-Nitro-Guanidinium Derivatives. In: Crystals, Vol. 2, No. 2: pp. 675-689




1-Amino-3-nitroguanidine (ANQ, 1) was synthesized by hydrazinolysis of nitroguanidine (NQ) with hydrazine hydrate. Four different amino-nitroguanidinium salts (chloride (2), bromide (3), iodide (4) and sulfate (5)) were synthesized and structurally characterized by low-temperature X-ray diffraction. The halides 2–4 could only be obtained crystalline as monohydrates. In addition, they were characterized by NMR and vibrational spectroscopy, elemental analysis and the sensitivities towards impact, friction and electrostatic discharge were determined. The compounds can be used in silver (AgX, X = Cl, Br, I) and barium (BaSO4) based metathesis reactions in order to form more complex salts of 1-amino-nitroguanidine.