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Ulbrecht, Matthias; Honka, Thomas; Person, Susanne; Johnson, Judith P. and Weiss, Elisabeth H. (1992): The HLA-E Gene encodes two differentially regulated Transcripts and a Cell Surface Protein. In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 149: pp. 2945-2953 [PDF, 7MB]

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An HLA-E-specific oligonucleotide probe was used to study the expressioonf HLA-E. This probed etects two HLA-E transcripts, 1.8 and 2.7 kb in size, which are present in varying ratios in allt issues and cell lines investigated. We demonstrate that alternative poly(A) site usage accounts for the differential regulation of the two HLA-E mRNA species. Sequence analysis of three cDNA clones, representing the two transcripts of HLA-E, and of anH LA-E gene encoded by cosmid cd3.14, revealed identity of gene and cDNA in the 3’ untranslated region. S1 nuclease protection assays confirmed that the two HLA-E transcripts are not alternative splicing products. Introduction of cd3.14, together with human ,&m into the murine myeloma cell line P3X63-Ag8.653, resulted in a cell surface expresosf ioan HLA-class I heavy chain detectablbey indirect immunofluorescence whereas transfection into the humBaznr n expressing mouse L cell line, 527 was negative with regard to cell surface expressionC. ell surface labeling of transfectants and immunoprecipitation with a monomorphic HLA class I-specific antibodyo r an antibody against human &m confirmed the presence of an HLA-E H chain on the cell surface. These results indicate that the HLA-E gene codes for a class I H chain that can be expressed on the cell surface.

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