Henson Jr., O. W.; Schuller, Gerd; Vater, Marianne
A comparative study of the physiological properties of the inner ear in Doppler shift compensating bats (Rhinolophus rouxi and Pteronotus parnellit).
In: Journal of Comparative Physiology A, Vol. 157, Nr. 5: S. 587-597
Cochlear microphonic (CM) and evoked neural (N-1) potentials were studied in two species of Doppler shift compensating bats with the aid of electrodes chronically implanted in the scala tympani. Potentials were recorded from animals fully recovered from the effects of anesthesia and surgery. InPteronotus p. parnellii andRhinolophus rouxi the CM amplitude showed a narrow band, high amplitude peak at a frequency about 200 Hz above the resting frequency of each species. InPteronotus the peak was 25–35 dB higher in amplitude than the general CM level below or above the frequency of the amplitude peak. InRhinolophus the amplitude peak was only a few dB above the general CM level but it was prominent because of a sharp null in a narrow band of frequencies just below the peak. The amplitude peak and the null were markedly affected by body temperature and anesthesia. InPteronotus high amplitude CM potentials were produced by resonance, and stimulated cochlear emissions were prominent inPteronotus but they were not observed inRhinolophus. InPteronotus the resonance was indicated by a CM afterpotential that occurred after brief tone pulses. The resonance was not affected by the addition of a terminal FM to the stimulus and when the ear was stimulated with broadband noise it resulted in a continual state of resonance. Rapid, 180 degree phase shifts in the CM were observed when the stimulus frequency swept through the frequency of the CM amplitude peak inPteronotus and the frequency of the CM null inRhinolophus. These data indicate marked differences in the physiological properties of the cochlea and in the mechanisms responsible for sharp tuning in these two species of bats.