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Squitieri, Andrea (2015): Basalt Vessels Distribution in the Southern Levant during the Iron Age. In: Affanni, Giorgio; Beccarin, Cristina; Cordera, Laura; Di Michele, Angelo; Gavagnin, Katia (eds.) : Broadening Horizons 4 : A Conference of young researchers working in the Ancient Near East, Egypt and Central Asia, University of Torino, October 2011. BAR International Series, Vol. 2698. Oxford: Archaeopress. pp. 209-215


This thesis focuses on the characteristics and the development of the stone vessel industry in the Near East during the Iron Age and the Persian period (c. 1200 – 330 BCE). Three main aspects of this industry are investigated. First, the technology behind the manufacture of stone vessels, the tools and techniques, and how these changed across time. Second, the mechanisms of exchange of stone vessels and how these were affected by the changing political landscape through time. Third, the consumption patterns of stone vessels in both elite and non-elite contexts, and how these patterns changed through time. The aim is to evaluate how the formation of new regional states, occurred in the Iron Age I-II, and their subsequent inclusion within large-scale empires, in the Iron Age III and Persian period, transformed the Near Eastern societies by exploring how the stone vessel industry was affected by these transformations. For the period and area under analysis, such a comprehensive study of stone vessels, covering a wide area and connecting this industry to the broader socioeconomic and political landscapes, has never been attempted before.