Overmann, Jörg; Pfennig, Norbert
Pelodictyon phaeoclathratifovme sp. nov., a new brown-colored member of the Chlorobiaceae forming net-like colonies.
In: Archives of Microbiology, Vol. 152, No. 4: pp. 401-406
A new strain of the green sulfur bacteria was isolated from the monimolimnion of Buchensee (near Radolfzell, Lake Constance region, FRG). Single cells were rod-shaped, nonmotile and contained gas vacuoles. Typical net-like colonies were formed by ternary fission of the cells. As photosynthetic pigments bacteriochlorophylls a, e, isorenieratene and -isorenieratene were present. Sulfide, sulfur and thiosulfate were used as electron donors during anaerobic phototrophic growth. Besides carbon dioxide, acetate and propionate could serve as carbon sources under mixotrophic conditions in the light. Like all other members of the green sulfur bacteria, the new bacterium is strictly anaerobic and obligately phototrophic. The possession of gas vacuoles and the formation of net-like colonies and the guanine plus cytosine content of the DNA (47.9 mol% G+C) are typical characteristics of the genus Pelodictyon. Because of its photosynthetic pigments which differ from those of Pelodictyon clathratiforme, strain BU 1 represents a new species, P. Phaeoclathratiforme sp. nov.