Holstein, Thomas W.; Mala, Carola; Kurz, Eva; Bauer, Karin; Greber, Martin; David, Charles N.
The primitive metazoan Hydra expresses antistasin, a serine protease inhibitor of vertebrate blood coagulation. cDNA cloning, cellular localisation and developmental regulation.
In: FEBS Letters, Vol. 309, No. 3: pp. 288-292
We have isolated and characterized cDNAs from Hydra which encode antistasin, a potent inhibitor of factor Xa in the vertebrate blood clotting cascade. Hydra antistasin is expressed in gland cells and represents a major class of transcripts from Hydra's head. Sequence analysis revealed that Hydra antistasin contains 6 internal repeats of a 25–26 amino acid sequence with a highly conserved pattern of 6 cysteine and 2 glycine residues identical to that in leech antistasin. Conservation of antistasin in a lower metazoan provides a potential link between the vertebrate and invertebrate coagulation systems.