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**Treumann, R. A. and Baumjohann, W. (2014): Superdiffusion revisited in view of collisionless reconnection. In: Annales Geophysicae, Vol. 32, No. 6: pp. 643-650**

**Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.**

## Abstract

The concept of diffusion in collisionless space plasmas like those near the magnetopause and in the geomagnetic tail during reconnection is reexamined making use of the division of particle orbits into waiting orbits and break-outs into ballistic motion lying at the bottom, for instance, of Levy flights. The rms average displacement in this case increases with time, describing superdiffusion, though faster than classical, is still a weak process, being however strong enough to support fast reconnection. Referring to two kinds of numerical particle-in-cell simulations we determine the anomalous diffusion coefficient, the anomalous collision frequency on which the diffusion process is based, and construct a relation between the diffusion coefficients and the resistive scale. The anomalous collision frequency from electron pseudo-viscosity in reconnection turns out to be of the order of the lower-hybrid frequency with the latter providing a lower limit, thus making similar assumptions physically meaningful. Tentative though not completely justified use of the kappa distribution yields kappa approximate to 6 in the reconnection diffusion region and, for the anomalous diffusion coefficient, the order of several times Bohm diffusivity.

Item Type: | Journal article |
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Faculties: | Geosciences > Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences |

Subjects: | 500 Science > 550 Earth sciences and geology |

ISSN: | 0992-7689 |

Language: | English |

Item ID: | 33859 |

Date Deposited: | 15. Feb 2017, 14:46 |

Last Modified: | 04. Nov 2020, 13:11 |