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Karpf, Sebastian; Eibl, Matthias; Wieser, Wolfgang; Klein, Thomas; Huber, Robert (2015): A Time-Encoded Technique for fibre-based hyperspectral broadband stimulated Raman microscopy. In: Nature Communications, Vol. 6, 6784
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Abstract

Raman sensing and microscopy are among the most specific optical technologies to identify the chemical compounds of unknown samples, and to enable label-free biomedical imaging. Here we present a method for stimulated Raman scattering spectroscopy and imaging with a time-encoded (TICO) Raman concept. We use continuous wave, rapidly wavelength-swept probe lasers and combine them with a short-duty-cycle actively modulated pump laser. Hence, we achieve high stimulated Raman gain signal levels, while still benefitting from the narrow linewidth and low noise of continuous wave operation. Our all-fibre TICO-Raman setup uses a Fourier domain mode-locked laser source to achieve a unique combination of high speed, broad spectral coverage (750-3, 150 cm(-1)) and high resolution (0.5 cm(-1)). The Raman information is directly encoded and acquired in time. We demonstrate quantitative chemical analysis of a solvent mixture and hyperspectral Raman microscopy with molecular contrast of plant cells.