Purification and Characterization of a Chloroplast Outer-Envelope-Bound, ATP-Dependent Protein Kinase.
In: Plant Physiology, Vol. 87, No. 4: pp. 898-903
An ATP-dependent protein kinase was partially purified from isolated outer envelope membranes of pea (Pisum sativum L., Progress No. 9) chloroplasts. The purified kinase had a molecular weight of 70 kilodaltons, as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. It was of the cyclic nucleotide and Ca2+, calmodulin-independent type. The purification involved the detergent solubilization of purified outer envelopes by 0.5% cholate and 1% octylglycoside, followed by centrifugation on a linear 6 to 25% sucrose gradient. Active enzyme fractions were further purified by affinity chromatography on histone III-S Sepharose 4B and ion exchange chromatography on diethylaminoethyl cellulose. The protein kinase eluted at 100 millimolar and 50 millimolar NaCl, respectively. The protein kinase was essentially pure as judged by Western blot analysis. The enzyme has a KM of 450 micromolar for ATP and a Vmax of 25 picomoles of 32P incorporated into histone III-S per minute per microgram. Inhibition by ADP is competitive (Ki 150 micromolar).