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Kölle, Petra; Reese, Sven ORCID: 0000-0002-4605-9791; Hoffmann, R. (2000): Urographie und Zystographie bei Landschildkröten. In: Tierärztliche Praxis / K, Kleintiere, Vol. 28, No. 5: pp. 339-344
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Abstract

In contrast to dogs and cats intravenous urography and cystography has not been used yet as a diagnostic tool in reptiles. The aim of this study was to prove the applicability of this technique in tortoises and to introduce this diagnostic tool to tortoise medicine. The iodic contrast medium lopamidol (1000 mg/kg BW) was applicated into the venacoccygealis dorsalis of 10 clinically healthy Herman’s tortoises and three tortoises with severe renal disease. Radiographs had to be takenbetween five and 55 seconds after injection to achieve good results. There was no accumulation of contrast medium in the kidneys or the bladder of the tortoises. Imaging of the bladder was only feasible after injection of the contrast medium into the bladder by cystocentesis. Intravenous urography yields valuable information on chronical renaldiseases in tortoises which are characterized by enlargement or reduction of renal size. Cystography makes it possible to diagnose foreign bodies as dislocated eggs in the urinary bladder of tortoises which cannot be clearly recognized by other diagnostic tools.