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Sinowatz, Fred; Schams, Dieter; Habermann, Felix A.; Berisha, Bajram; Vermehren, Margarete (2006): Localization of fibroblast growth factor I (Acid fibroblast growth factor) and its mRNA in the bovine mammary gland during mammogenesis, lactation and involution. In: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia, Vol. 35, No. 3: pp. 202-207
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Growth factors are involved in development and function of the mammary gland. The aim of this study was the localization of fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF-1) and its mRNA in the bovine mammary gland during different developmental and functional stages. Mammary tissue was obtained from German Brown Swiss cows (n = 23) during defined stages of mammogenesis (before and during pregnancy), lactogenesis, peak lactation and involution. The distribution of FGF-1 mRNA was studied using non-radioactive in situ hybridization, the corresponding FGF-protein was analysed using immunohistochemistry [avidin–biotin peroxidase complex (ABC)-method]. A moderate to distinct staining for FGF-mRNA was found in the epithelium of ducts and developing alveoli during mammogenesis. Post-partum at the same cellular locations, a considerable amount of FGF-1 mRNA, was seen that decreased during lactation. Also during early involution clear staining for FGF-mRNA could still be observed. Immunoreactive FGF-1 was found in considerable concentration in the epithelium of the mammary gland in heifers. The staining intensity generally decreased somewhat during mammogenesis and lactation, but could be always clearly demonstrated in the secretory epithelial cells of alveoli and glandular ducts. Also during the first day after the end of milking, the epithelium displayed a moderate to distinct epithelial immunostaining. Notably, After 4 weeks of involution, in many alveoli a shedding of the FGF-1 positive luminal cell layer was found. In our localization studies, no strict correlation between FGF-1 mRNA and its corresponding protein was found. The various reasons for this finding are discussed.