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Kauke, Teresa; Oberhauser, Cornelia; Lin, Viviane; Coenen, Michaela; Fischereder, Michael; Dick, Andrea; Schoenermarck, Ulf; Guba, Markus; Andrassy, Joachim; Werner, Jens; Meiser, Bruno; Angele, Martin; Stangl, Manfred; Habicht, Antje (2017): De novo donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies after kidney transplantation are associated with impaired graft outcome independently of their C1q-binding ability. In: Transplant international, Vol. 30, No. 4: pp. 360-370
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Many aspects of post-transplant monitoring of donor-specific (DSA) and non-donor-specific (nDSA) anti-HLA antibodies on renal allograft survival are still unclear. Differentiating them by their ability to bind C1q may offer a better risk assessment. We retrospectively investigated the clinical relevance of de novo C1q-binding anti-HLA antibodies on graft outcome in 611 renal transplant recipients. Acute rejection (AR), renal function, and graft survival were assessed within a mean follow-up of 6.66 years. Post-transplant 6.5% patients developed de novo DSA and 11.5% de novo nDSA. DSA (60.0%; P < 0.0001) but not nDSA (34.1%, P = 0.4788) increased rate of AR as compared with controls (27.4%). C1q-binding anti-HLA antibodies did not alter rate of AR in both groups. Renal function was only significantly diminished in patients with DSAC1q+ . However, DSA significantly impaired 5-year graft survival (65.2%; P < 0.0001) in comparison with nDSA (86.7%; P = 0.0054) and controls (90.7%). While graft survival did not differ between DSAC1q- and DSAC1q+ recipients, 5-year allograft survival was reduced in nDSAC1q+ (80.9%) versus nDSAC1q- (90.7%, P = 0.0251). De novo DSA independently of their ability to bind C1q are associated with diminished graft survival.