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Chiossone, Laura; Audonnet, Sandra; Chetaille, Bruno; Chasson, Lionel; Famarier, Catherine; Berda-Haddad, Yael; Jordan, Stefan; Koszinowski, Ulrich H.; Dalod, Marc; Mazodier, Karin; Novick, Daniela; Dinarello, Charles A.; Vivier, Eric; Kaplanskis, Giles (2012): Protection from inflammatory organ damage in a murine model of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis using treatment with IL-18 binding protein. In: Frontiers in Immunology, Vol. 3, 239
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Abstract

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life threatening condition due to the association of an infectious agent with lymphocyte cytotoxicity defects, either of congenital genetic origin in children or presumably acquired in adults. In HLH patients, an excess of lymphocyte or macrophage cytokines, such as IFN-gamma and TN Fu is present in serum. In animal models of the disease, IFN-gamma and INF-alpha have been shown to play a central pathogenic role. In humans, unusually high concentrations of IL-18, an inducer of IFN-gamma, and INF-alpha have been reported, and are associated with an imbalance between IL-18 and its natural inhibitor IL18 binding protein (IL18BP) resulting in an excess of free IL18 Here we studied whether IL-18B P could reduce disease severity in an animal model of HLH. Mouse cytomegalovirus infection in perforin-1 knock out mice induced a lethal condition similar to human HLH characterized by cytopenia with marked inflammatory lesions in the liver and spleen as well as the presence of hemophagocytosis in bone marrow. IL-18B P treatment decreased hemophagocytosis and reversed liver as well as spleen damage. IL-18BP treatment also reduced both IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha production by CD8+ T and NK cells, as well as Fas ligand expression on NK cell surface. These data suggest that IL-18B P is beneficial in an animal model of HLH and in combination with anti infectious therapy may be a promising strategy to treat HLH patients.