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Andrade-Sousa, Adilson Santos; Pereira, Paulo Rogério; MacKenzie, BreAnne; Oliveira-Junior, Manoel Carneiro; Assumpcao-Neto, Erasmo; Rodrigues Brandao-Rangel, Maysa Alves; Damaceno-Rodrigues, Nilsa Regina; Caldini, Elia Garcia; Pereira Velosa, Ana Paula; Teodoro, Walcy Rosolia; Ligeiro de Oliveira, Ana Paula; Dolhnikoff, Marisa; Eickelberg, Oliver; Vieira, Rodolfo Paula (2016): Aerobic Exercise Attenuated Bleomycin-Induced Lung Fibrosis in Th2-Dominant Mice.
In: PLOS ONE 11(9), e0163420
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Abstract

Introduction The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of aerobic exercise (AE) in reducing bleomycin- induced fibrosis in mice of a Th2-dominant immune background (BALB/c). Methods BALB/c mice were distributed into: sedentary, control (CON), Exercise-only (EX), sedentary, bleomycin-treated (BLEO) and bleomycin-treated+exercised (BLEO+EX);(n = 8/group). Following treadmill adaptation, 15 days following a single, oro-tracheal administration of bleomycin (1.5U/kg), AE was performed 5 days/week, 60min/day for 4 weeks at moderate intensity (60% of maximum velocity reached during a physical test) and assessed for pulmonary inflammation and remodeling, and cytokine levels in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). Results At 45 days post injury, compared to BLEO, BLEO+EX demonstrated reduced collagen deposition in the airways (p<0.001) and also in the lung parenchyma (p<0.001). In BAL, a decreased number of total leukocytes (p<0.01), eosinophils (p<0.001), lymphocytes (p<0.01), macrophages (p<0.01), and neutrophils (p<0.01), as well as reduced pro-inflammatory cytokines (CXCL-1;p<0.01), (IL-1 beta;p<0.001), (IL-5;p<0.01), (IL-6;p<0.001), (IL-13;p<0.01) and pro-fibrotic growth factor IGF-1 (p<0.001) were observed. Anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 was increased (p<0.001). Conclusion AE attenuated bleomycin-induced collagen deposition, inflammation and cytokines accumulation in the lungs of mice with a predominately Th2-background suggesting that therapeutic AE (15-44 days post injury) attenuates the pro-inflammatory, Th2 immune response and fibrosis in the bleomycin model.