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Hvidt, Niels Christian; Korup, Alex Kappel; Curlin, Farr A.; Baumann, Klaus; Frick, Eckhard; Sondergaard, Jens; Nielsen, Jesper Bo; Christensen, Rene dePont; Lawrence, Ryan; Lucchetti, Giancarlo; Ramakrishnan, Parameshwaran; Karimah, Azimatul; Schulze, Andreas; Wermuth, Inga; Schouten, Esther; Hefti, René; Lee, Eunmi; AlYousefi, Nada A.; Randwijk, Christian Balslev van; Kuseyri, Can; Mukwayakala, Tryphon; Wey, Miriam; Eglin, Micha; Opsahl, Tobias; Büssing, Arndt (2016): The NERSH International Collaboration on Values, Spirituality and Religion in Medicine: Development of Questionnaire, Description of Data Pool, and Overview of Pool Publications. In: Religions, Vol. 7, Nr. 8, 107
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Abstract

Modern healthcare research has only in recent years investigated the impact of health care workers' religious and other moral values on medical practice, interaction with patients, and ethically complex decision-making. Thus far, no international data exist on the way such values vary across different countries. We therefore established the NERSH International Collaboration on Values in Medicine with datasets on physician religious characteristics and values based on the same survey instrument. The present article provides (a) an overview of the development of the original and optimized survey instruments, (b) an overview of the content of the NERSH data pool at this stage and (c) a brief review of insights gained from articles published with the questionnaire. The questionnaire was developed in 2002, after extensive pretesting in the United States and subsequently translated from English into other languages using forward-backward translations with Face Validations. In 2013, representatives of several national research groups came together and worked at optimizing the survey instrument for future use on the basis of the existing datasets. Research groups were identified through personal contacts with researchers requesting to use the instrument, as well as through two literature searches. Data were assembled in Stata and synchronized for their comparability using a matched intersection design based on the items in the original questionnaire. With a few optimizations and added modules appropriate for cultures more secular than that of the United States, the survey instrument holds promise as a tool for future comparative analyses. The pool at this stage consists of data from eleven studies conducted by research teams in nine different countries over six continents with responses from more than 6000 health professionals. Inspection of data between groups suggests large differences in religious and other moral values across nations and cultures, and that these values account for differences in health professional's clinical practices.