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Kiesewetter, Jan ORCID logoORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8165-402X; Fischer, Frank and Fischer, Martin R. (2016): Collaboration Expertise in Medicine - No Evidence for Cross-Domain Application from a Memory Retrieval Study.
In: PLOS ONE 11(2), e0148754 [PDF, 564kB]


Background Is there evidence for expertise on collaboration and, if so, is there evidence for cross-domain application? Recall of stimuli was used to measure so-called internal collaboration scripts of novices and experts in two studies. Internal collaboration scripts refer to an individual's knowledge about how to interact with others in a social situation. Method-Study 1 Ten collaboration experts and ten novices of the content domain social science were presented with four pictures of people involved in collaborative activities. The recall texts were coded, distinguishing between superficial and collaboration script information. Results-Study 1 Experts recalled significantly more collaboration script information (M = 25.20;SD = 5.88) than did novices (M = 13.80;SD = 4.47). Differences in superficial information were not found. Study 2 Study 2 tested whether the differences found in Study 1 could be replicated. Furthermore, the cross-domain application of internal collaboration scripts was explored. Method-Study 2 Twenty collaboration experts and 20 novices of the content domain medicine were presented with four pictures and four videos of their content domain and a video and picture of another content domain. All stimuli showed collaborative activities typical for the respective content domains. Results-Study 2 As in Study 1, experts recalled significantly more collaboration script information of their content domain (M = 71.65;SD = 33.23) than did novices (M = 54.25;SD = 15.01). For the novices, no differences were found for the superficial information nor for the retrieval of collaboration script information recalled after the other content domain stimuli. Discussion There is evidence for expertise on collaboration in memory tasks. The results show that experts hold substantially more collaboration script information than did novices. Furthermore, the differences between collaboration novices and collaboration experts occurred only in their own content domain, indicating that internal collaboration scripts are not easily stored and retrieved in memory tasks other than in the own content domain.

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