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Fischer, Uli; Müller, Martin; Strobl, Ralf; Bartoszek, Gabriele; Meyer, Gabriele; Grill, Eva (2016): Examining functioning and contextual factors in individuals with joint contractures from the health professional perspective using the ICF: an international internet-based qualitative expert survey. In: Rehabilitation Nursing, Vol. 41, No. 3: pp. 170-178
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Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify disease-related aspects of functioning and disability in people with joint contractures from a health professionals' perspective and to describe the findings, using categories of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF). DESIGN: An Internet-based expert survey. METHODS: We asked international health professionals for typical problems in functioning and important contextual factors of individuals with joint contractures using an Internet-based open-ended questionnaire. All answers were linked to the ICF according to established rules. Absolute and relative frequencies of the linked ICF categories were reported. FINDINGS: Eighty experts named 1785 meaning units which could be linked to 256 ICF categories. Among the categories, 24.2 belonged to the component Body Functions, 20.7 to Body Structures, 36.3 to Activities and Participation, and 18.8 to Environmental Factors. CONCLUSION: Health professionals addressed a large variety of functional problems and multifaceted aspects due to the symptom joint contractures. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: International health professionals reported a large variety of aspects of functioning and health, which are related to joint contractures.