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Lohmann, Stefanie; Strobl, Ralf; Müller, Martin; Huber, Erika O.; Grill, Eva (2011): Psychosocial factors associated with the effects of physiotherapy in the acute hospital. In: Disability and Rehabilitation, Vol. 33, No. 22-23: pp. 2311-2321
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Abstract

PURPOSE: To examine the associations between psychosocial factors and physical functioning at admission, and functional recovery during an acute hospital admission. METHOD: Included into this multi-centre cohort study were 642 patients with cardiopulmonary, musculoskeletal and neurological conditions recruited from 32 Swiss hospitals. Functional status was measured at admission and discharge using the Barthel Index (BI); BI change was used as an indicator for functional recovery. Sense of coherence (SOC) and depression were assessed at admission using the SOC questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS); patient motivation was judged at discharge by physiotherapists on a Visual Analogue Scale. Mixed effect regression was used to assess associations of SOC, depression and motivation with functional status at admission and functional recovery. Distinct models were built to control for sets of behavioural, socio-economic and disease-related variables. RESULTS: Functional status at admission was significantly associated with SOC, depression and motivation. Functional recovery was significantly associated with motivation, but not with SOC. Significant associations between functional recovery and depression were found in some of the models. CONCLUSIONS: As motivation showed strong associations with functional recovery, future studies should examine how functional recovery is influenced by motivation and how motivation can be improved.