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Gouda, Moamen; Potrafke, Niklas (2016): Gender equality in Muslim-majority countries. In: Economic Systems, Vol. 40, No. 4: pp. 683-698
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Discrimination against women has been documented in Muslim-majority countries. However, constitutions among Muslim-majority countries differ. By using women's rights indicators and exploiting cross-country variation, we find that discrimination against women is more pronounced in countries where Islam is the source of legislation. Constitutions have changed in only four Muslim-majority countries since 1980. We discuss anecdotal evidence concerning the extent to which women's rights changed as a consequence of new constitutions. Empirical studies should therefore distinguish between types of Muslim-majority countries. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.