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Triebs, Thomas P.; Saal, David S.; Arocena, Pablo; Kumbhakar, Subal C. (2016): Estimating economies of scale and scope with flexible technology. In: Journal of Productivity Analysis, Vol. 45, No. 2: pp. 173-186
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Abstract

Economies of scope are typically modelled and estimated using a cost function that is common to all firms in an industry irrespective of their type, e.g. whether they specialize in a single output or produce multiple outputs. Instead, we estimate a flexible technology model that allows for type-specific technologies and show how it can be estimated using linear parametric forms including the translog. A common technology remains a special case of our model and is testable econometrically. Our sample, of publicly owned US electric utilities, does not support a common technology for integrated and specialized firms. Our empirical results therefore suggest that assuming a common technology might bias estimates of economies of scale and scope. Thus, how we model the production technology clearly influences the policy conclusions we draw from its characteristics.