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Zierler, Susanna; Sumoza-Toledo, Adriana; Suzuki, Sayuri; Dúill, Fionán Ó.; Ryazanova, Lillia V.; Penner, Reinhold; Ryazanov, Alexey G.; Fleig, Andrea (2016): TRPM7 kinase activity regulates murine mast cell degranulation. In: Journal of Physiology, Vol. 594, No. 11: pp. 2957-2970
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Transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) is a divalent ion channel with a C-terminally located a-kinase. Mice heterozygous for a TRPM7 kinase deletion (TRPM7(+/Delta K)) are hypomagnesaemic and hyperallergic. In contrast, mice carrying a single point mutation at amino acid 1648, which silences TRPM7 kinase activity (TRPM7(KR)), are not hyperallergic and are resistant to systemic magnesium (Mg2+) deprivation. Since allergic reactions are triggered by mast cell-mediated histamine release, we investigated the function of TRPM7 on mast cell degranulation and histamine release using wild-type (TRPM7(+/+)), TRPM7(+/Delta K) and TRPM7(KR) mice. We found that degranulation and histamine release proceeded independently of TRPM7 channel function. Furthermore, extracellular Mg2+ assured unperturbed IgE-DNP-dependent exocytosis, independently of TRPM7. However, impairment of TRPM7 kinase function suppressed IgE-DNP-dependent exocytosis, slowed the cellular degranulation rate, and diminished the sensitivity to intracellular calcium (Ca2+) in G protein-induced exocytosis. In addition, G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) stimulation revealed strong suppression of histamine release, whereas removal of extracellular Mg2+ caused the phenotype to revert. We conclude that the TRPM7 kinase activity regulates murine mast cell degranulation by changing its sensitivity to intracellular Ca2+ and affecting granular mobility and/or histamine contents.