Logo Logo
Switch Language to German
Joensuu, Heikki; Eriksson, Mikael; Hall, Kirsten Sundby; Reichardt, Annette; Hartmann, Jörg T.; Pink, Daniel; Ramadori, Giuliano; Hohenberger, Peter; Al-Batran, Salah-Eddin; Schlemmer, Marcus; Bauer, Sebastian; Wardelmann, Eva; Nilsson, Bengt; Sihto, Harri; Bono, Petri; Kallio, Raija; Junnila, Jouni; Alvegård, Thor; Reichardt, Peter (2016): Adjuvant Imatinib for High-Risk GI Stromal Tumor: Analysis of a Randomized Trial. In: Journal of Clinical Oncology, Vol. 34, No. 3: 244-U99
Full text not available from 'Open Access LMU'.


Purpose Three years of adjuvant imatinib therapy are recommended for patients with GI stromal tumor (GIST) with high-risk features, according to survival findings in the Scandinavian Sarcoma Group XVIII/AIO (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Internistische Onkologie) trial. To investigate whether the survival benefits have persisted, we performed the second planned analysis of the trial. Patients and Methods Eligible patients had macroscopically completely excised, KIT-positive GIST with a high risk of recurrence, as determined by using the modified National Institutes of Health criteria. After surgery, the patients were randomly assigned to receive imatinib for either 1 or 3 years. The primary objective was recurrence-free survival (RFS), and the secondary objectives included survival. Results A total of 400 patients were entered onto this open-label study between February 4, 2004, and September 29, 2008. During a median follow-up of 90 months, 171 recurrences and 69 deaths were detected. Patients assigned to the 3-year group had longer RFS than those assigned to the 1-year group;5-year RFS was 71.1% versus 52.3%, respectively (hazard ratio [HR], 0.60;95% CI 0.44 to 0.81;P < .001), and survival was 91.9% versus 85.3% (HR, 0.60;95% CI, 0.37 to 0.97;P = .036). Patients in the 3-year group survived longer in the subset with centrally confirmed GIST and without macroscopic metastases at study entry (93.4% v 86.8%;HR, 0.53;95% CI, 0.30 to 0.93;P - .024). Similar numbers of cardiac events and second cancers were recorded in the groups. Conclusion Three years of adjuvant imatinib therapy results in longer survival than 1 year of imatinib. High 5-year survival rates are achievable in patient populations with high-risk GIST. (C) 2015 by American Society of Clinical Oncology