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Jacobs, Volker R.; Augustin, Doris; Wischnik, Arthur; Kiechle, Marion; Hoess, Cornelia; Steinkohl, Oliver; Rack, Brigitte; Kapitza, Thomas; Krase, Peter (2016): Concordance rates of biomarkers uPA and PAI-1 results in primary breast cancer vs. consecutive tumor board decision and therapy performed in clinical hospital routine: Results of a prospective multi-center study at certified breast centers. In: Breast, Vol. 29: pp. 208-212
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Objective: Biomarkers uPA and PAI-1 are guideline recommended by ASCO (USA) and AGO (Germany) in primary breast cancer to avoid unnecessary CTX in patients at medium risk for recurrence. For clinical quality assurance of uPA/PAI-1 testing, analysis of test-therapy concordance was performed. Methods: Prospective non-interventional multi-center study over 2 years among six Certified Breast Centers in Germany to investigate uPA/PAI-1 results in consecutive decision making for tumor board recommendation and actual therapy in uninfluenced clinical setting. Concordance and discordance rates of uPA/PAI-1 testing were calculated and individual reasons for decision making analyzed. Results: Among n = 93 uPA/PAI-1 tests evaluated n = 42/93 (45.2%) were uPA + PAI-1 negative and n = 51/93 (54.8%) uPA and/or PAI-1 positive. In uPA + PAI-1 negative test results in n = 35/42 (83.3%) CTX was avoided as recommended. But in n = 7/42 (16.7%) CTX was performed despite, resulting in over treatment, In uPA and/or PAI-1 positive test results in n = 26/51 (51.0%) CTX was performed but in n = 25/51 (49.0%) not despite recommendation for CTX which is under treatment. The conformity of uPA/PAI-1 test result vs. tumor board decision was n = 73/93 (78.5%). The overall concordance of uPA/PAI-1 test result vs. consecutive therapy was n = 61/93 (65.6%). A variety of reasons for individual result deviating decisions were identified. Conclusions: Clinical quality assurance of uPA/PAI-1 biomarker testing showed inconsistency of test results with consecutive tumor board decision and/or final therapy performed in up to 1/3 of patients. To close this clinical quality gap in application of uPA/PAI-1 biomarkers, individual analysis of deviations is suggested with process optimization accordingly. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.