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Kammerlander, Christian; Neuerburg, Carl; Verlaan, Jorrit-Jan; Schmoelz, Werner; Miclau, Theodore; Larsson, Sune (2016): The use of augmentation techniques in osteoporotic fracture fixation. In: Injury-International Journal of the Care of the Injured, Vol. 47: S36-S43
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Abstract

There are an increasing number of fragility fractures, which present a surgical challenge given the reduced bone quality of underlying osteoporosis. Particularly in aged patients, there is a need for early weight bearing and mobilization to avoid further complications such as loss of function or autonomy. As an attempt to improve fracture stability and ultimate healing, the use of biomaterials for augmentation of osseous voids and fracture fixation is a promising treatment option. Augmentation techniques can be applied in various locations, and fractures of the metaphyseal regions such as proximal humerus, femur, tibia and the distal radius remain the most common areas for its use. The current review, based on the available mechanical and biological data, provides an overview of the relevant treatment options and different composites used for augmentation of osteoporotic fractures. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.