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Krüger-Ziolek, Sabine; Schullcke, Benjamin; Zhao, Zhanqi; Gong, Bo; Naehrig, Susanne; Müller-Lisse, Ullrich; Moeller, Knut (2016): Multi-layer ventilation inhomogeneity in cystic fibrosis. In: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, Vol. 233: pp. 25-32
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Differences in regional lung function between the 3rd and 5th intercostal space (ICS) were explored in 10 cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and compared to 10 lung-healthy controls by electrical impedance tomography (EIT). Regional ratios of impedance changes corresponding to the maximal volume of air exhaled within the first second of a forced expiration (Delta I-FEV1) and the forced vital capacity (Delta I-FVC) were determined. Regional airway obstruction and ventilation inhomogeneity were assessed by the frequency distribution of these ratios (Delta I-FEV1/Delta I-FVC) and an inhomogeneity index (GI(T1)). The mean of the frequency distribution of Delta I-FEV1/Delta I-FVC and the GI(T1) in both thorax planes were significantly different between CF patients and controls (p < 0.001). CF patients exhibited a significantly lower mean of Delta I-FEV1/Delta I-FVC frequency distribution (p < 0.05) and a significantly higher degree of ventilation inhomogeneity (p < 0.01) in the 3rd ICS compared to the 5th ICS. Results indicated that EIT measurements at more cranial thorax planes may benefit the early diagnosis in CF. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.